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Ankara: Milli Egitim Basimevi, 1968, 1978, ,,TRANSYLVANIA,,, ,,RUMANIA,,

(summary of translation; note)

The area of Transylvania (Erdel; Hungarian Erdély, Rumanian Ardeal; French Transylvania) was once a part of the realm of the Dacians who were conquered by the Romans. In 271 the Romans abandoned Dacia. Between 275 and 375 various peoples took possession of it, such as the Huns.

They were followed by the Gepids, the Longobards and the Avars. Under their ruler Bayan the latter founded the Avar Empire. Their demise occurred around 796 and were followed by the Hungarians in 895. Later some Turkic peoples such as the Székelys, Pechenegs and Cumans settled in the area in question. Next to the Székelys were settled the Germans (Saxons). In the 13th century the Mongols broke in. During the reign of the Árpád Dynasty strong ties were forged between Transylvania and the rest of Hungary. - The Rumanians are a people of Latin origin. Their principalities were Wallachia (Turkish Ulahya or Eflak) and Moldavia (Turkish Moldavya or Bogdan). Since 1920 Transylvania has formed a part of Rumania.

N.B. Although this encyclopedia lists a number of peoples in connection with the pre-10th century history of what was to became Transylvania, it makes no mention of the Wallachians as autochthons there and does not even hint at a Daco-Roman continuity.

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