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Zagreb: (?), 1974, ,,RUMANIA,,

(summary of translation; notes)

The area of present-day Rumania was once the Dacian realm (kings Burebista and Decebal) which as a province of Rome was slowly Romanized from 107 onward. In 271 the Romans abandoned it. After them followed the Goths. Between the 4th and 11th centuries the following peoples possessed it: Huns, Gepids, Avars, Slavs, Bulgars, Magyars, Pechenegs and Cumans. From the 11th century Transylvania was a voivodeship of the magyars. In the 14th century the Moldavian voivodeship came into being. Wallachia was founded as an independent principality by Basarab I in the first half of the 14th century.

N.B. It is interesting to note that the Serbs and Croats, though neighbours of the Wallachians in the central areas of the Balkan Peninsula, did not list them among those peoples who possessed former Dacia after its abandonment by the Romans. - While it is true that from the 11th century on Transylvania was governed by voivodes appointed by the kings of Hungary, Hungarian possession of what is now known as Transylvania began around 895. - The fact that the first Wallachian voivodeship appears as late as the 14th century supports those historians who deny the validity of the Daco-Roman continuity theory and state that the Wallachians migrated north of the Danube from the south of the Balkan Peninsula as late as the 12th and 13th centuries.

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