Complaints in Rumania
IN A SPECIAL REPORT TO CONGRESS,
THE STATE DEPARTMENT STATED RECENTLY THAT IT HAS NO KNOWLEDGE
COMPLAINTS CONCERNING THE TREATMENT
OF MINORITIES BY
THE RUMANIAN GOVERNMENT. FURTHERMORE,
POINTS OUT THAT CEAUSESCU'S
RUMANIA IS ONE OF OUR MOST
ECONOMICALLY AS WELL A POLITICALLY
IT IS A STRANGE COINCIDENCE
THAT HARDLY TWO YEARS AGO ALMOST THE SAME WORDS WERE USED BY STATE
DEPARTMENT OFFICIALS WHILE REPORTING ON THE SITUATION IN IRAN.
of Hungarian Descent"
are False and
The Transylvanian Quarterly
There was a time, not so long
ago, when the gentlemen in our State Department, entrusted with
representing American interests in Rumania, either did not know
or refused to recognize the fact that there are a large number
of Hungarians forced to live in that country from the day Transylvania
has been occupied by the Rumanian army in 1918. The Rumanian
census claims only 1.8 million Hungarians in Transylvania, while
scholastic research indicates there are about three million Hungarians
today spread over the entire country known as Rumania.
As the Ceausescu government began
to dismantle the many century old Hungarian cultural institutions
in Transylvania by rumanianizing the schools, confiscating libraries,
church archives, museums destroying historical markers, cemeteries,
old churches, etc., abolishing the Hungarian language from public
life, ordering the compulsory surrender of every Hungarian book,
printed matter, private letter, picture in private possession
under the penalty of three years in prison, and destroying the
confiscated material, thus waging an everincreasing war
against the ethnic identity and historic past of the Hungarian
population, the international reaction to these, and other, even
more barbaric events, forced our Department of State to recognize
the cumbersome fact that there are Hungarians in this unfortunate
province, whose national and cultural rights were guaranteed in
two separate peace treaties, signed by the representatives of
the Rumanian government.
However, in order to minimize
the problem in the face of American public opinion, some State
Department officials coined the terms "Rumanians of Hungarian
descent" and "Hungarian speaking Rumanians" in
order to put the existing situation into "proper perspective".
Since here in America we are used to talking about "Spanish
speaking Americans" or "Americans of such and such descent",
who are all good Americans, those who don't know the difference
may easily fall into the trap of the State Department's terminology,
and become critical of those noisy "Rumanians of Hungarian
descent" or "Hungarian speaking
Rumanians" who refuse to
assimilate into the Rumanian nation.
For some it may be difficult to
understand at first, but the fact is that the original and proper
meaning of the word "nation" is not the population of
a certain geographical and administrative unit, but, as the New
World Dictionary says: "a historically developed community
of people with a distinctive culture and language in common.
Dictionaries of preWorld War I. edition even insist on "common
origin or bloodline".
The Hungarians of Transylvania,
whose forefathers settled there over onethousand years ago,
created, established, and defended the Hungarian homeland for
many centuries, are definitely an integral part of the Hungarian
nation, sharing the same history, the same culture and the same
language. They can not be penalized for the misfortune which fell
upon them when as the result of a war they did not start, they
found themselves suddenly taken over by a neighboring country
and thrown into minority status.
The terms 'Rumanians of
Hungarian descent" or "Hungarian speaking Rumanians
are just as false as it would be to call the entire presentday
population of the State of Florida "Cubans of American descent"
or "English speaking Cubans" in the event that one day
Florida should be annexed by Cuba on the basis of a small margin
of Spanish speaking majority descendants of today's Cuban
refugees in that State.
The Rumanians in spite
of their falsified history entered the Eastern part of
the Hungarian Kingdom, known as Transylvania, as refugees and
migrant workers mostly during the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries.
The simple fact that they were more prolific than their hosts
did not give neighboring Rumania the right to claim part of the
Hungarian homeland with a large and well established Hungarian
population, just as Cuba would not have the right to claim Florida.
There can be no doubt about it
that the Transylvanian Hungarians are part of the Hungarian culturecircle
and part of the Hungarian nation. The brutal efforts of the Rumanian
government to deprive them of their Hungarian heritage and Hungarian
identity by exposing three million human beings to the most barbaric
discrimination and humiliation the world has ever known, is an
Not Ethnic Minority but MINORITY NATION!
The definition of "ethnic
minority" identifies a group of people who migrated into
the country of another nation in search of food, shelter or religious
freedom and for one reason or another failed to assimilate. Therefore
the Vlachs, later called Rumanians, who entered the Hungarian
Kingdom during the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries as migrant workers
and sheepherders, and failed to assimilate, lived and prospered
as an ethnic minority within the Hungarian borders.
On the other hand, the term "minority
nation" refers to a group of people who lived in their own
country for a long period of time as part of the majority nation,
without ever changing location, but were torn off geographically
from the rest of their homeland through a major political tragedy,
usually as a result of war, and occupied by another neighboring
When Translvania was torn from
the Hungarian motherland as a result of World War I and World
War II, the Hungarians who were established on that land for ten
centuries became a minority nation within Rumania. Politically
they had to yield to the majority rule of the Rumanians. Nevertheless,
the peace treaties guaranteed them the right to the unrestricted
use of their own language, to the free development of their own
culture through their own established cultural institutions, and
their right to selfadministration within their cities, towns,
Today, the NationalCommunist
Government of Rumania not only refuses to recognize these rights,
but is embarked on a course of TOTAL ANNIHILATION of the almost
threemillion strong Hungarian MINORITY NATION within its
borders, by the use of terror and extreme brutality
We ask the nations of this world
to express their solidarity with the Hungarians in Transylvania
by boycotting and "picketing" the Socialist Republic
of Rumania until this problem is solved according to the rules
of civilized societies.
Why the Discrimination
the Hungarians of Transylvania
The Transylvanian Quarterly
Scanning the membership list of
the United Nations we will notice that there are 81 nations represented
in this organization whose population is less than 3 million each,
with Israel 2,781,000 and Albania 2,168,000 in the lead. Of these
31 independent nations, 27 have a population less than 1 million
and some of them even below 100,000. All these nations enjoy full
representation in the U.N. and are recognized as sovereign nations
endowed with certain inalienable national rights, while
at the same time
THE 3,000,000 HUNGARIANS OF TRANSYLVANIA
ARE LEFT IN LIMBO WITHOUT ANY NATIONAL RIGHTS, NOT EVEN THE RIGHT
TO THEIR OWN CULTURE. THEIR SLOW BUT STEADY EXTERMINATION BY THE
NATIONALSOCIALIST (NAZI) GOVERNMENT OF RUMANIA IS SILENTLY
TOLERATED BY THE REST OF THE WORLD AS A PROCESS OF "PROGRESSIVE
If we examine the basic qualifications
of "recognized nationhood" in search of some outstanding
difference which could justify the rejection of the Transylvanian
Hungarians compared to the Albanians, Israelis or the Republic
of Nauru (population 7,000), we find none whatsoever.
The Albanians, the Israelis and
the Naurus have their roots deep in the history of the land they
inhabit, as do the Transylvanian Hungarians. During the centuries,
foreign elements migrated into Israel, forming majority groups
in some geographical locations. The same happened in Transylvania
with the difference that, while the world powers recognized the
rights of the Israelis to their homeland and aided them in removing
the Palestinian Arabs, the Transylvanian Hungarians were denied
their rights to their ancient homeland and their national identity
by forcing them under subjugation of the intruding Rumanians.
During the last few centuries, Albania, Israel and Nauru were
overrun many times by neighboring powers and kept under foreign
occupation. So was Transylvania. Nevertheless, the deeply rooted
culture and national consciousness survived all afflictions, trials
and tribulations and was awarded in our days with well deserved
independence by a more enlightened world; with the exception of
Transylvania. Why? There is but one answer to this question:
THROUGH CLEVER PROPAGANDA MANIPULATIONS
DURING THE PREWORLD WAR I DECADES, THE NATIONAL, HISTORICAL AND
CULTURAL IDENTITY OF THE ENTIRE CARPATHIAN BASIN WAS SO OBSCURED,
BECLOUDED AND CONCEALED BY CERTAIN POLITICAL
FORCES AIMING TO DIVIDE UP AMONG
THEMSELVES THIS UNDOUBTEDLY RICHEST PART OF CENTRAL EUROPE, THAT
IN THE CONFUSION OF THE WAR, THE PEACEMAKERS WERE UNABLE TO
RECOGNIZE THE TRUTH AND THUS 5,000,000
HUNGARIANS WERE THROWN TO THE WOLVES AS PART OF THE SPOILS.
Since 1919, by relentless falsification
of history, by the removal and obliteration of all national monuments,
landmarks, cultural achievements, by the total annihilation of
the past, the intruders were working unceasingly to influence
public opinion in order that these spoils may be kept by them
During the last sixty years more
than 3,000,000 Rumanians were moved into HungarianTransylvania
in an attempt to change the balance of the population. All geographical
locations were renamed to wipe the Hungarian idenity off the face
of the land. Anyone trying today to travel across Transylvania
with an old travel guide or journey record in his hand, be it
English, French or German, will not be able to find one single
town, village, river or mountain named in that book.
However, we can prove with indisputable
evidence the historical and cultural rights of the Transylvanian
Hungarians to nationhood on the land of their heritage, and we
shall do so just as unceasingly and relentlessly as the enemies
of the truth have done their work of falsification. We firmly
believe that it is the law of God that evil cannot prevail for
long over good and injustice cannot permanently suppress justice.
THE TRANSYLVANIAN HUNGARIAN NATION
HAS JUST AS MUCH RIGHT TO BE RECOGNIZED BY THE WORLD AS AN INDEPENDENT
NATION AS HAS ANY OTHER. THE BRUTAL ACTIONS OF THE RUMANIAN GOVERNMENT
IN TRYING TO SQUELCH EVERY MANIFESTATION OF HUNGARIAN NATIONAL
CONSCIOUSNESS IN TRANSYLVANIA MUST BE REGARDED AS GENOCIDE!
Who is Keeping
Dictator Ceausescu in Power?
It is a fact that today's Rumania
is the richest country in Europe where natural resources and the
fertility of its soil are concerned. It is also a fact that among
all the European countries Rumania offers the lowest standard
of living to its multinational population. In spite of the
fertile soil, the people in Ceausescu's Rumania have not enough
to eat. This is a fact reported many times in these last years
by several newspapers all over the world.
The reason for the failure is
simple: the brutal police regime of Ceausescu and his extravagant
selfadulation did not gain the cooperation of the workers.
However, in spite of all this, his regime still stands and gains
momentum in his ultimate goal: to exterminate all the ethnic minorities
of the country, all five million of them. What keeps him in the
saddle? Outside aid given to him by large American, German and
probably other companies.
The Preferred Nation status to
Rumania is being granted year after year due to the pressure of
large American companies who aim to profit on the sweat of oppressed
Rumanian workers by dealing with their oppressor. Instead of using
their influence to gain some concessions for the benefit of the
suffering people of that country, they close their eyes to all
the abuses and are interested only in the profits that they may
acquire on cheap goods made by slave labor.
It seems the terrorregime
of Ceausescu is being supported by the following American companies:
1. UOP INC. "a multinational
corporation engaged in energy technologies, construction and engineering
services and manufacture of products on a worldwide basis"
according to the corporation's vice president Mr. H. K. Baboyian.
Average yearly trade with Rumania: 1.4 billion.
2. Island Creek Corporation.
3. NACA National Agricultural
Chemicals Association. Chairman: G. Gellert.
4. Atlanta Corporation. Imports
food products from Rumania. Average yearly trade: 29 million.
Chairman: George G. Gellert.
5. Chilewich Corporation. Yearly
business with Rumania 29 million.
6. Control Data Corporation.
7. National Foreign Trade Council,
president Richard W. Roberts. Average yearly trade with Rumania
It is easy to understand that
the cheap slavelabor offered by a totalitarian regime can
be tempting to any profit making enterprise even if the offer
comes from a government openly embarked in the destruction of
the free enterprise system. However, the least these corporations
could do in order to prove some good intentions on their part
would be to use their influence for the benefit of those oppressed.
Until now there is no sign of
any effort in this direction. On the contrary: these companies
are trying their best year after year to perpetuate the Ceausescuregime
to the detriment of millions of oppressed minorities, who provide
in their misery the cheapest possible labor.
Who is to Blame?
Obstacles are inevitable. They
are part of human existence we have to face day by day, individually
as well as collectively. As Sir Winston Churchill said: "Obstacles
exist for one purpose only; to be overcome!"
Whenever an obstacle seems to
resist the efforts of an individual, a group or a nation engaged
in the pursuit of clearing the way toward a better future
a pursuit which is morally and legally justified the causes
for failure are usuallv found in human attitudes, mental and spiritual
In the case of the Transylvanian
Hungarians1 the reasons for not obtaining the justifiably expected
results are obvious:
1. Lack of knowledge. Neither
the people nor the government of the United States, including
the State Department are properly informed about the history,
the culture, the demography and the economical problems of EastCentral
Europe in general and the Carpathian Basin in particular. Therefore
they became the victims of Rumanian propaganda, which floods the
world today with falsified history, with false statistics and
a deceiving camouflage of doubletalk. Where Transylvania
is concerned, the Rumanians are masters in falsifications as well
as in referring again and again to the letter of their constitution
as proof of their civilized treatment of the minorities. At the
same time, within the borders of the Ceausescu Empire, nobody
pays any attention either to the constitution or any of the international
agreements the government of Rumania so sanctimoniously subscribed
2. Greed. Several large American
corporations, though capitalistic in principle, are eager in practice
to deal with communist governments, no matter how terroristic
they may be in regard to the treatment of their subjects, in order
to reap the financial benefits resulting from the cheap slavelabor
that these governments can provide. The lobbyists of such corporations
are able to convince the State Department and members of the Congress,
that certain fictitious "national interests" in the
fields of economy and foreign policy supersede all other considerations,
especially those for human rights and oppressed minorities.
3. The subconscious sympathy toward
socialism, is an old and tragic weakness of the American intellect,
still entrenched into the fiber of the American Press and certain
echelons of the Department of State. Due to this secret weakness
for the Marxist doctrine, the attitude of a great majority of
the American media is always an inconspicuous leniency toward
atrocities committed by communists, while acts of noncommunists
against communists receive front page rebuke. Due to this unfortunate
attitude, the ethnocide in Transylvania, the brutal treatment
of the Hungarian population by the Rumanian government, the murder
of clergymen, educators and other Hungarian intellectuals, is
submerged in silence.
4. Finally: the attitude of the
Hungarian Americans themselves. As in the past, so today, the
great majority of Hungarians simply do not see the importance
of making their history, their culture and their problems known
to other nations, published in other languages but their own.
In spite of the fact that due to this fault Hungary was dismembered
after World War I, they still don't believe in making any efforts,
financial and otherwise, to consistently inform the rest of the
world about the Hungarian past and the Hungarian present. The
Hungarian Americans, numbering more than one million and the Hungarians
scattered through the rest of the free world are poorly organized,
and forty years after the tragedies of World War II they still
don't have a single representative, first class publication in
the English language that could be used as a trumpet to blow into
the world the truth nobody else seems to know about.
It is an old and wise saying:
those who are not willing to work for their future, do not deserve
If the Hungarians in the free
world would wake up, put their talents and energies together and
instead of just complaining to each other, would start doing something
for their brethren in Transylvania and Czechoslovakia, the tide
would turn. The world would become aware of the deplorable situation
and ways would be found to bring justice, freedom and well being
to those oppressed.