[Next] [HMK Home]
Regicide at Marseille



Terrorism in Yugoslavia

1. The Duce Speaks 3

Mussolini warns Yugoslavia - The Adriatic problem - Yugoslavia
mobilizes against Italy, (July, 1934).

2. Regicide 5

Internal troubles in Yugoslavia - Assassination of the Archduke
Francis Ferdinand.

3. Red Terror 7

King Alexander I dissolves the Communist Party (1920) - First
attempt at the King's life (1921) - Professor Sima Markovitch, a
humanitarian Communist - Stalin liquidates him - Dissolution of
Yugoslavia resolved by the Komintern - Decay of the Yugoslav
Communist Party and the Dresden Congress (October, 1928) - King
Alexander destroys the Yugoslav Communist Party.

4. The Pan-Serbian Dream 11

Violent Serbian methods and cultural disparity alienate the Croats -
Murder of the last Obrenovitch and his wife (1903) - Role of the
"Black Hand" and its leaders - Trialism, the policy of the murdered
Francis Ferdinand - The end of Colonel Apis and of the Black
Hand (1917) - The "White Hand" ousts Prince Paul (March,
1941) - The truth about terrorism in Yugoslavia


5. The Croat Revolt 15

Political union between Croatia and Hungary (1102) - Successful
for eight centuries - Comradship while fighting Turkish invasions -
Serbia's hard fate - Raditch and his Peasant Party refuse to join
Belgrade Parliament (1919) - Croat emigration in Austria - Ra -
ditch's struggle and his violent death (1928) - King Alexander
proclaims his dictatorship (January 1929) - Croats declare war on
him - Machek's moderation and Pavelitch's revolution - Difficulties
of the Royal Dictatorship - Pavelitch establishes in Austria the
Ustasha (1929) - The murdered Croat patriots - King Alexander


sentenced to death (1934) - One - sided judgments - Massacre of
the Croatian Army (1945) - Cardinal Stepinac's pastoral letter.

6. The Ustasha Conspiracy 25

Ustashi Contact and cooperation with JMRO (1929) - IMRO's
ties with the Soviets - Pavelitch visits Italy - Sets up his organization
in Italy - Perchetch rents Janka Puszta - Role of Gruber, the spy -
Gruber meets "Vlada the Chauffeur," also prominent Italians (1931) -
The first terrorist action: train blown up (1931) - Yelka Pogorelec in
Janka Puszta, hired as a spy.

7. Preparation of the Crime 32

Attempt at Alexander's life in Zagreb (1933) - Responsibility for
the crime of Marseille - Milichevitch's presentation -
A Croat version of the crime.

8. Responsibility and Retribution 38

Queen Mary withdraws her civil plaint - Paul - Boncour defines
Italy's and Hungary's responsibility Ambassador Fotitch and I concur -
Sarajevo set the pattern for Marseille - Defense by Desbons - Laval's
admission - The Verdict - Guibbal's characterization of the convicted
Ustashis - Meeting with Pavelitch - His revenge on the Serbs -
Mussolini's responsibility - Part played by Bulgaria - Role of Secret
Organizations in the Balkans.


Status Quo and Revision

1. The Organization of Peace 47

Maintenance of the status quo opposed to revision of peace treaties.

A. The Covenant

Allies in Europe disregard Wilson's principles - Dual problem of peace
making: stability and peaceful change - Articles 10 and 19 of the Covenant
drafted at Peace Conference - Wilson on alteration of bounderies - Failure
or the League of Nations.

B. Reaction to Versailles Treaty

John Maynard Keynes and the German Reparations - The "Policy of Fulfillment"
- Foincare and the Occupation of the


Ruhr - The "War Guilt" clause and German Reaction - Spirit of Locarno
evaporates - France rejects Treaty revision - Hitler breaks every Treaty

C. The Pact of Paris

Role of the Carnegie Endowment - The Unrealistic Pact and its Consequences -
National Groups declare War On the Serbs.

D. Protection of Minority Rights

Imperfection of Peace Treaties - Protection Of Minority Rights
Guaranteed By the League of Nations - Dilatory Handling of
Hungarian Complaints - Divergent views of the Great Powers -
Mistakes in the League's Procedure - Hungarian Memorandum
Concerning Minority in Rumania - My Speech and Reactions
to it - Massigli's Negative Stand - Inconclusive Council Debate -
Hungary's Demands Gain Publicity.

2. Peace - Making in the Danubian Basin 67

Role of the Austro - Hungarian Monarchy - Its Breaking Up Destroys
Stability - Replaced by Synthetic National States - In Conflict with
Right of Self-determination - The Oppressed Turn Into Oppressors -
Internal Weakness of the New States - No Proper Regional Organization -
France and Britain allied with Pan-Slavism - Vain Hopes
Attached To Little Entente System - Carpathian Defense System
Dislocated - My Speech on Honest Nationalism (May, 1952) - Benes
Forwarned (September, 1934) - Balkan Security and Defense of the
Carpathians - Deterioration of Cultural Relations - Chasm Separating
Catholics from Protestants.

3. The Mutilation of Hungary 79

Turkey throws Off Peace Treaty Of Sevres, (Lausanne, 1923) - Lloyd George Admits British Mistake -
Regrets Consequences of Trianon Treaty Also - The "Covering Letter" Of
Millerand - Hungarian Government Signs The Treaty (June, 1920) - Urges
Respect of Minority Rights (November, 1920) - Harold Nicholson, Hugh Seton
- Watson, and C.N.M. Macartnay on Consequences of Trianon Treaty - Hungarian
Inhabited Areas Transferred to Rumania - Hungary Reduced to Agricultural
Production - Youth Remains Unemployed - Uneconomic Customs Barriers and
Miniature Autarchies - One Sided Disarmament of Hungary - Hungary Decides
to Rearm



4. The Hungarian Movement For Revision 93

Plight of the Hungarian Refugees and Economic Stabilization - Plebicite in
the Burgenland - Friendly Relations With Austria Restored - Also with
Italy - The Hungarian Problem and Lord Rothermere (Spring, 1927) -
Organization of the League for Revision - The Only Possible Peace Policy
Gains Support In Europe - Before 1943, The Soviets Approved Revision.


Diplomacy and Blackmail

1. Collapse of the European Order 101

Hitler Becomes Chancellor of Germany (January, 1933) - Death Blow To The
European Order - German and Russian Dynamism - Britain Relaxes and France
Sinks Into the Popular Front - Mussolini Prepares To Take Over The
Meditteranean - Strengthening of the Little Entente (February, 1933) -
Conclusion of the Balkan Pact (February, 1934) - Soviet Membership In The
League of Nations (September, 1934) - Chaos Increased.

2. Murder: An Instrument of National Policy 107

A forerunner of Greater Evils - Murder of Duca, the Strong Man of
Rumania (December, 1953) - Of Pieracki, Polish Minister of the Interior, of
Ernest Roehm, Chief of Staff of the Nazi S.D. - Hitler Murders His Opponants,
including Chancellor Dolifuss - Conclusion of the Pact of Rome (March, 1934)
- My Visit In Berlin - Eden Refuses British Aid to Austria's Independence -
Hitler Determined to Annex Austria - Schuschnigg Strengthens Pact of Rome -
Britain Reverts to Entente Cordiale - West Relies Increasingly on Soviets
Against Nazi Menace - Pro - Slav Policy of France - The Crime of Marseille
(October 9,1934) - The Murder Of Kirov (December, 1934) - Stalin Starts

3. Laval In The Drivers Seat 116

Serbs Moarn King Alexander's Demise - French Police Criticized -
The Stavisky Scandal - Doumergue Unable to Solve Crisis - French
Alliance With Italy Wrecked By Yugoslavs - French Investigation


of Marseilles Crime Points Finger at Ustasha - Laval Selects Hungary As The
Scape Goat - Benes Gains Little Entente Support For Action Against Hungary No
Evidence of Hungarian Guilt.

4. Investigation Of The Crime 124

A Misleading Hungarian Communique - Police Chief Hetenyi's
Performance - Peter Heim's Role - Prior Hungarian Conflict With
Yugoslavia Solved (June, 1934) - Usefullness Of The League Of
Nations - Hungarian Promise To Dissolve Camp At Jankapuszta -
Hungarian Passports Granted To Croat Refugees - Measures Taken
Against Ustashis - Several False Traits - The "Blond Lady" and
"Peter," her Escort - French, Yugoslavian Investigation Completed -
A second Hungarian Communique.

5. Yugoslavia Starts Action 133

Prime Minister Gombos' Visit In Poland - Poles Mistrust Pro - Soviet
French Policy - The British Undecided - Uzunovitch Demands Sanctions -
Gombos Visits Italy (November, 1934) - Mussolini Avoids Discussion of
Marseilles Crime - The Discussion In Tke Hungarian Cabinet Council -
Yugoslavia Expels Hungarians - Papen's Role In Atistria - Ribbentrop Informs
London On German Rearmament - Churchill Denounces British Unpreparedness
(November 11, 1934) - The Saar Problem And Aloisi - Laval's Final
Arrangements Before Geneva - Yugoslavia Note Submitted (November 22, 1934) -
I reject Unfounded Accusation.

6. The Curtain Rises in Geneva 145

Maintenance of Peace Is The Main Duty Of The League Of Nations - The
Press and Lord Rothermere's Gallant Stand - Liaison Work In Geneva - Benes
and Titulescu Join Yugoslav Action - Positions Taken By The World Press -
New York Times Misinterprets The Situation - Laval Sums Up The French -
Little Entente Alliance - Hungary Urges Action By The League Of Nations -
Benes Resigns From Presidency Of The Council.

7. The Accusation Against Hungary 158

Collaboration With The International Press - Yugoslavia Submits
Evidence - Contents Of Yugoslav Memorandum - Some Of The
Evidence Is False - Hungarian Passports Given to the Ustashis -


Prime Minister Grants Me A Free Hand - Routine Handling of The Croat Refugees
In Hungary - Three Conclusions of Yugoslavia's Memorandum - My Reply And
The Press Reaction.

8. The Political Challenge 166

Collective Security Endorsed By The Soviets - Laval's Paris Speech
Tries To Divide Italy From Hungary - Laval Accepts German
Rearmament Conditionally - Journal de Geneve Opposes Oriental
Locarno Pact - The Futile Disarmament Conference - British Favor
Dilatory Tactics - The Yugoslav Complaint In The Council Set For December 5, 1934.

9. The Darkest Hour 172

The Delegations Arrive In Geneva - Inconclusive
Visit With Baron Aloisi - Laval's Cynicism - Polish Aid Assured - The
Accomplishments of Marshall Pilsudski.


The Showdown

1. Confrontation In Geneva 183

Benes Gives Up Council's Presidency - Rules Of Council Procedure -
Chetniks Mobilized Against Hungary By General Zhifkovitch -
Hennyey and Sombor Confirm My Stand - Tea With Madame
Tabouis - Baron Aloisi Feted - Tension Grows On Hungarian Border
- Hungarian Frontier Guards Withdrawn - Foreign Minister de
Kanya Arrives In Geneva - Yeftitch's 9 Points Against Hungary,
None Against Italy - My Protest Against Expulsion Of Hungarians
And Refutation Of Charges - Two False Witnesses - Revisionism
Defended - Benes Complains That Hungary Threatens Czechoslovakia.

2. The Day Of The Great Powers 193

Laval's Attack Against Hungarian Revisionism - Convention Against
Political Crimes Proposed - Moisi Defends Peaceful Revisionism -
Eden's Admonitions - Soviets Sabotage Disarmament - Propose Cooperation
With Capitalist Countries - Accepted As A Member Of
The League - Litvinov Arrives In Geneva - DeValera's Speech -


Swiss Press Unmasks Litvinov - His Cynical Speech On International
Terrorism - The Crime Of Matuska - Departure of Mr. Beksadian -
The Last Hungarian Memorandum.

3. The End Play 206

Yugoslavia Blocks French - Italian Rapproachment - President Roose -
velt's Story About Horthy - Little Entente Dissatisfied With Eden -
British Search For Political Balance - Laval's Policy - Atmosphere
of Conciliation In Geneva - Laval Promotes Peaceful Solution -
Hungary Urged To Yield - Start Of Ethiopian Crisis - A Croat
Meeting in Youngstown - An Editorial Of The New York Times -
Eden Outsmarts Benes - Draws Up A Resolution - Benes Misquotes

4. Truth Prevails 216

Council Meeting On December 10, 1934 - Titulescu's Hypocricy -
His Aggressive Oratory - His Confidence In The Soviets - Threats
By Benes - Yeftitch's Moderation - Komarnicki Rebuffs Benes -
Benes' Negative Thinking - His Chauvinism Rouses Centrifugal
Forces in Heterogenous State - Hungary and Revisionism - Objective
Resolution Unanimously Accepted - Hungary Elected a Member
Of "Committee Of Ten".

5. The Aftermath 228

Humiliation Avoided By Hungary - Successful Conciliation Worked Out By Eden
and Prince Paul - World Press Approves Solution - Yeftitch Promotes
Reasonable Yugoslav Policy - Relaxation of Tensions In The Danube Valley -
Also Between Western Powers - West Seeks Cooperation With Soviets - The
Dangers Of That Policy

- Czecho - Slovak - Soviet Military Alliance and Air Pact (May, 1935)
- Resented By Every Neighbor

6. Respite and Agony 238

Hacha Surrenders Czecho - Slovakia To Hitler - Colonel Beck On
Common Polish Frontier With Hungary - The Hungarian - Slovak
Dispute - The Tragic Fate Of John Eszterhazy - Germany and Italy
Revise Trianon Treaty - The Post - War Power - Political Equation -
Two Vienna Awards Correct Gross rnjustices - Ruthenia Returns
To Hungary - Hitler Attacks Yugoslavia - Horthy Opposes Hitler -
I leave for America (March, 1941) - My Last Meeting With Teleki


- Commits Suicide - Horthy Decides to Occupy the Bacska - The
Second "Trianon" Peace Treaty - Benes' Policy - Stalin
Takes Ruthenia - Russia Destroys Hungarian Independence.


Text Of The League Of Nation's Resolution (December 10, 1934).


 [Next] [HMK Home]
Regicide at Marseille